Education is fundamental in achieving the potential and developing an equitable and just society and promoting national development. Providing universal access to quality education is the key to India’s continued ascent, and leadership on the global stage in terms of economic growth, social justice and equality, scientific advancement, national integration, and cultural preservation. Universal high-quality education is the best way forward for developing and maximizing our country’s rich talents and resources for the good of the individual, the society, the country, and the world. India can have the best population of children within the world over the ensuing decade, and our ability to produce high-quality instructional opportunities to them can confirm the of our country.
Education is Everywhere
With various dramatic scientific and technological advances, such as the rise of big data, machine learning, and artificial intelligence, many unskilled jobs worldwide may be taken over by machines, while the need for a skilled workforce, particularly involving mathematics, computer science, and data science, in conjunction with multidisciplinary abilities across the sciences, social sciences, and humanities, will be increasingly in greater demand. With climate change, increasing pollution, and depleting natural resources, there will be a sizeable shift in how we meet the world’s energy, water, food, and sanitation needs, again resulting in the need for new skilled labor, particularly in biology, chemistry, physics, agriculture, climate science, and social science.
The growing emergence of epidemics and pandemics will also call for collaborative research in infectious disease management and development of vaccines and the resultant social issues heighten the need for multidisciplinary learning. There will be a growing demand for humanities and art, as India moves towards becoming a developed country as well as among the three largest economies in the world.
The emergence of Global Education
The quickly changing employment global ecosystem is becoming increasingly critical that children not only learn but more importantly learn how to learn. Education thus, must move towards less content, and more towards learning about how to think critically and solve problems, how to be creative and multidisciplinary, and how to innovate new material. The syllabus should embody basic arts, crafts, humanities, games, sports and fitness, languages, literature, culture, and values, additionally to science and arithmetic, to develop all aspects and capabilities of learners; and make education more well-rounded, useful, and fulfilling to the learner. Education builds character, enables the learners to be ethical, rational, and compassionate.
Education Bridges the Gap
The gap between the current state of learning outcomes and what is required must be bridged through undertaking major reforms that bring the highest quality, equity, and integrity into the system, from early childhood care and education through higher education.
Main Aim of India’s New Education Policy
The aim must be for India to have an education system by 2040 that is second to none, with equitable access to the highest-quality education for all learners regardless of social or economic background. This National Education Policy 2020 is the first education policy of the 21st century and aims to address the many growing developmental aspects of our country.
The emphasis of the New Education Policy
Education Policy lays particular emphasis on the development of the creative potential of each individual. It is based on the principle that education must develop not only cognitive capacities – both the ‘foundational capacities ’of literacy and numeracy and ‘higher-order’ cognitive capacities, such as critical thinking and problem-solving – but also social, ethical, and emotional capacities and dispositions.
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Previous Policies education policy
The implementation of previous policies on education has focused largely on issues of access and equity. A major development since the last Education Policy of 1986/92 has been the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 which laid down legal underpinnings for achieving universal elementary education.
Principles of New Education Policy
The purpose of the new education policy is to develop good human beings capable of rational thought and action, possessing compassion and empathy creative imagination, with good ethical values.
A good educational institution is one in which every student feels welcomed and cared for, where a safe and stimulating learning environment exists, where a wide range of learning experiences are offered, and where good physical infrastructure and appropriate resources conducive to learning are available to all students. Attaining these qualities must be the goal of every educational institution.
However, at the same time, there must also be seamless integration and coordination across institutions and across all stages of education
Fundamental principles that will guide both the education system at large, as well as the individual institutions within it are:
- according to the highest priority to achieving Foundational Literacy and Numeracy by all students by Grade 3;
- flexibility, so that learners have the ability to choose their learning trajectories and programs, and thereby choose their own paths in life according to their talents and interests;
- no hard separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extra-curricular activities, between vocational and academic streams, etc
- multidisciplinary and a holistic education across the sciences, social sciences, arts, humanities, and sports for a multidisciplinary world in order to ensure the unity and integrity of all knowledge;
- emphasis on conceptual understanding rather than learning for -exams
- creativity and demanding thinking to encourage logical decision-making and innovation;
- promoting multilingualism and the power of language in teaching and learning;
- life skills such as communication, cooperation, teamwork, and resilience;
- focus on regular formative assessment for learning rather than the summative assessment that encourages today’s ‘coaching culture ’;
- extensive use of technology in teaching and learning, removing language barriers, increasing access for Divyang students, and educational planning and management;
- respect for diversity and respect for the native context all told information
- full equity and inclusion educational decisions to ensure that all students are able to thrive in the education system.
- Faculty and Teachers are the masterminds of the learning process their presence creates a better learning environment, so for the advancement in this process, there should be proper recruitment, professional development as well as positive working conditions. Due to these, they will give their best to the students
The policy is analyzed properly by the different departments as well as numerous experts and in the final stage, the New Education Policy is approved by the MHRD after considering all the pros and cons of the new education policy and how it will create a huge impact in the Indian Education System.